Dental Caries

Dental caries occur when the mineralized enamel and dentine parts of a tooth dissolve due to acid resulting in cavity or a break in the tooth surface. The enamel and dentine are the parts that form the crown and root of the tooth respectively.

The cavity will only form if the rate of dissolving the mineralized enamel and dentine is higher than the rate of deposition of minerals from saliva into the tooth. If you are eating a lot of refined carbohydrates, then cavity is very likely to occur in your teeth. Other than refined carbohydrates, the amount of oral bacteria which are always in the mouth will contribute to development of cavity.

In the development of teeth, the intake of correct minerals in the diet is crucial as it enhances the quality of tooth structure. Calcium is one important mineral in the development and mineralization of teeth. Small quantity of fluoride intake will also improve the quality of tooth structure, and a good tooth structure will reduce the vulnerability of the tooth to dental caries. Too much fluoride and strontium can cause dental fluorosis or brown teeth. Fluoride is usually contained in water originating in volcanic soils, hills and mountain. Fluoride intake is through water, food and fluoride containing cleaning agents and toothpastes.

Persistent bad breath and red tender, or easily bleeding gums may be a sign of gum disease. If you experience any of these, consult with your dentist as gingivitis is reversible if detected early. If you suspect you have a gum disease and a below normal body weight, consult with your doctor (not a dentist) for your body calcium levels. If the calcium levels are below normal values, let your doctor tell you why - you may have to avoid all foods made from wheat! Giving you a prescription of calcium supplements may help but not be sufficient.

How to Take Care of Your Teeth and Avoid Dental Caries

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